Serenity and a city are two diametrically opposite concepts, which however, get belied in the 'City Beautiful'. Chandigarh is a rare epitome of modernization co-existing with nature's preservation. It is here that the trees and plants are as much a part of the construction plans as the buildings and the roads. India’s first planned city, is a rich, prosperous, spic and span, green city rightly called “ THE CITY BEAUTIFUL ”.
Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the shivalik range of the Himalayas in northwest India. It covers an area of approximately 44.5 sq mi or 114 km². and shares its borders with the states of Haryana in the east and Punjab in the north, west and south. The surrounding districts are of Mohali, Patiala and Roopnagar in Punjab and Panchkula and Ambala in Haryana. The boundary of the state of Himachal Pradesh is also minutes away from its north border.
Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 41.2 °C). In winter, pieces of snow sometimes occurs during December and January. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west. Chandigarh is well connected by road by NH 22 (Ambala - Kalka - Shimla - Kinnaur) and NH 21 (Chandigarh - Leh), and has both a railway station and the International Airport. The city has facilities for sports such as cricket, swimming, shooting, skating and hockey.
There are numerous display gardens across the city, including the Rock Garden that is built from mostly from waste material and the Rose Garden. Other gardens include Garden of Annuals, Fragrance Garden, Hibiscus Garden, Chrysanthemum Garden, Botanical Garden and Shanti Kunj.
Chandigarh is the best-planned city in India, with architecture which is world-renowned, and a quality of life, which is unparalleled. As the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh it is a prestigious city. The face of modern India, Chandigarh, is the manifestation of a dream that Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru envisaged and Le Corbusier executed.
The low-energy cyclotron at Panjab University, Chandigarh was installed with the renovated components of the variable energy cyclotron from University of Rochester, New York, USA. This machine is a single Dee classical cyclotron with a variable frequency in the range of 10–20 MHz. The maximum magnetic field of main magnet can be used up to 14 k Gauss. These parameters are used to produce the variable energy of the beam from this machine. The research activities in the cyclotron laboratory have been focused in various areas of nuclear physics from the very initial stages. Later on PIXE, PIGE and RBS facilities have also been developed in this laboratory. The faculty members are collaborating on characterization of materials (polymers and amorphous semiconductors) using proton beam. They are also using heavy ion beams at national and international accelerator facilities for nuclear physics experiments. The following research activities are being carried out using this cyclotron:
Kasauli is a cantonment and town, located in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The cantonment was established by the British raj in 1842 as a Colonial hill station, 77 kilometres (48 mi) from Shimla, 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Chandigarh, and lies at a height of 1,800 metres (5,900 ft)
The Climate in Kasauli is pleasant throughout the year. In summers are not too warm and a cool breeze blows in early day time and in the evening. During winters once can expect little snowfall. In the monsoons this place feels like heaven. One is surrounded by clouds because they really close to the mountains and provides an awesome and beautiful experience.
The Central Research Institute (CRI), originally the Pasteur Institute of India, was established at Kasauli in 1904 under its first director Sir David Semple, as an institute working in the fields of immunology and virological research. The CRI works as a World Health organization ‘Collaborating Centre’, and as an immuno-biological laboratory producing vaccines for measles and polio, and the DTP group of vaccines. It also provides a Master of Science programme in Microbiology.
The Kasauli Club was established by the British Raj in 1880 as an accessible summer retreat. It is currently located within Indian Army premises and managed by a regular Indian Army Officer as 'Club Secretary', aided by civilian staff. Typical of hill architecture, the Club is constructed chiefly of wood.
The town of Kasauli is situated at a height of 1950 meters above sea level and lies in the Shivalik range of Himalayas. It is one of the best travel place and hill station near Delhi and around Delhi.
Kasauli was the shelter way back in the 17th century for the uprooted rajput families. Kasauli is the most clean and serene hill station. It’s entirely surrounded by mountains, flowers, lush greenery. The low lying hills are perfect for morning walks and provide a breathtaking view. The Famous Lawrence School near Kasauli at Sanawar is also situated there and was started in 1847. Today it is the most popular and world famous school and one of the oldest co-educational schools.
The most famous and the highest point in Kasauli is the Monkey Point. This is the place where Hanuman Temple is built. The hill is said to be in the form of the left foot of Lord Hanuman.
Kasauli has many resorts and hotels to stay in and are well equipped. They have all the basic necessities that are required by a modern man along with that pinch of relaxation and enjoyment. It is also well known for its beautiful picnic spots.
Come for a holiday and get opportunity to spend quality time close to Mother Nature and make your trip most relaxing. What more you can expect from your holiday trip. Shimla is such a trip, especially for those who have a passion of explroring natural beauty and serene environment; nothing can be compared with such amazing places. If you are also one of them, defiantly the warm welcome from tourism in Shimla would make your dream come true. Talking about Shimla, the Queen of Hills is situated at an altitude of 2215 meter above the sesa level. Being one of the largest hill stations/cities in India, Shimla is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh, where honeymooners, couples, nature tour lovers and those who look for serenity and tranquillity come to enjoy their holidays
From sky or a very high view, the beautiful hill station in Himachal Pradesh looks like wide half-moon shaped ridge that is at 12 km far in North-West of Himalayas. You will see the complete presence of Mother Nature everywhere in Shimla in Pine and Deodar forest ranges, snow-capped mountain, deep valleys, natural springs, and crystal clear water rivers. For the duration of British Empire, it was the summer capital that is become and ideal romantic place for tourists now. Before you enter the hill station, it is vital to know about the best time to visit in Shimla.
Depending on your preferred timing and choice, you can visit Shimla in any season as every season has its own importance and pleasure. However, during the winter season, you should go with woolen clothes. On the other hand, spring and summer time is the best time to explore Shimla. Moreover, walking at Shimla Mall Road in autumn season is memorable experience. In Monsoon season, you should avoid visiting it because it rains heavily and sometimes for several days. Temperature also downs to extreme chill level. In addition, humidity also increases to some great level. If you want to see the real picture of Shimla tourism, then exploring it during the months of March to June is the best time when weather conditions are extremely pleasant and keep one spellbound for more time.
Shimla has also a religious significance in Himachal Pradesh as the hill station is visited by devotees and deities from different parts of the India and world. Some of the ancient and religious symbols include:
The famous church was built in 1844-57 after the Neo-Gothic architectural plan of Col.J.T.Boileau. It is one of the well-decorated and the most beautiful churches in India in which bell are made of the brass of the cannon won by the British in the war with the Sikhs. In addition, the colored glass windows and the murals on the walls are attractive. Stained glass windows are also attraction in themselves as they stand for faith, hope, charity, fortitude, patience and humility that attract tourists to visit the beautiful church.
It was developed by Ramacharan Brahmachari in the year of 1845. It is the only place where Goddess Durga Puja is celebrated in Shimla. The Idol of Goddess Kali is worshiped here. On the other hand, Mangalchandi and Shyamla Devi idols are on the left.
Situated on the top of the hill, the Hanuman Temple is very famous temple in Shimla. It is considered as the legend of Hanuman sitting to rest here during his journey from Sri Lanka to Himalaya to get some herbs. Holy footprints are also found here. Another popularity reason is the scenic and complete view of Shimla from this temple complex.
The famous Sankatmochan Temple of Hanuman, on an altitude of 1875m, is also a famous temple in Shimla to visit.
Tara Devi or the Goddess of Stars, the temple is located on the top of the hill at the distance of around 12 km from Shimla bus stand. For those who want to capture the best image of Shimla, it is a perfect location at a high altitude of around 6070 ft.
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